{ font: $(body.font); color: $(body.text.color); background: $(body.background); padding: opx; $(body.background.override) } expr:class='"loading" + data:blog.mobileClass'>

Wednesday, January 6, 2016

Tussie Mussies and The Language of Flowers


A couple of years ago, I found a Victorian “Tussie Mussie” at an antique store.  It was pretty, but obviously lacked the former embellishments that would have been originally in place, and I had always wanted one.  Adding to my satisfaction of the find, I paid a mere $2.00 for it!  I have always absolutely adored the romance attached to these little flower holders.   Here is the picture of the tussie mussie I found (with some tacky fake flowers). 


I no longer have my tussie mussie because I threw it at our wedding during the bouquet toss, and my niece caught it, so of course, I told her to keep it.  Thinking back, I am glad I didn't "take someone's eye out", as I vaulted it through the air and into a crowd!

Tossing the bouquet
Returning to the purchase of the object of my desire, when I brought it up to the cashier at the ReSource, I said “I can’t believe I found a real tussie mussie!” 

The girl behind the counter said, “I thought that was to measure ring sizes! ... What is a tussie mussie?


So, what the heck is a tussie mussie?

Just saying the word will conjure a smile, or at least, it does me!  The words together are a term used for small bouquets of herbs and/or flowers and have been used from ancient times into the Medieval era.  During the Victorian era, tussie mussies became somewhat of an obsession, which I will explain.




The term tussie mussie comes from the Queen Victoria reign between 1837–1901, when the small bouquets became a fashion accessory.


Apparently, the "Language of Flowers" as it became known (giving symbolic meaning to flowers) was not invented by the Victorians, but is believed to begun in ancient Asia or Greece and through the Middle ages, but flowers had a darker use - they were used to disguise the stench which emanated from women - as regular bathing was not a common practice. Bouquets of flowers were commonly placed in rooms or worn around the neck, in the hair or on the lapel.


huntingtonbotanical.org explains that it is believed that the phrase "tussie mussie" is an Old English "phrase meaning “tossed together quickly.” Other sources say it is a medieval term meaning “sweet posy.” The most frequent references I have found indicate that “tussie” refers to the Medieval or Old English word which means “knot of flowers”, and “mussie” refers to the damp moss wrapped around the stems to keep them moist."



"During medieval times, before deodorants and public sanitation systems, people carried fragrant nosegays to protect themselves from bad smells, which were present everywhere. 




They also believed that bad smells are what caused disease, and conversely, that if they carried good smelling herbs, the flowers would ensure good health. 


This evolved to a young man gathering little bouquets to give to his lady [when she went out] to protect her from disease. Eventually, meanings were given to each plant so that a message could be sent, since most people could not read or write."

On a more pleasant topic, the tussie mussie can be spelled as “tussy mussy”, and are also known as a nosegays.



What makes a tussie mussie different than a simple bouquet of flower is that each flower in the tussie mussie must have symbolic meaning, creating a very personal message and the combinations can obviously, be endless!


 


During the Victorian Era, actual “Tussie Dictionaries” were created/invented to explain the symbolic meaning of each sprig, often referred to as ‘the language of flowers’, to aid the demand for its knowledge.



Today, tussie mussies are experiencing a revival, particularly for weddings and funerals.  It is a thoughtful way to express one's feelings, particularly if the meaning of the flowers in the bouquet are written out, for a ceremony or when giving it away.












Tussie Mussie holders are also something that you can make.  When one considers all the scrapbook and sewing supplies  available today - utilizing online resources or shopping at a craft store - it would be relatively easy to make one of your own.


Below are some clever samples that I found online.  They are inspired, and I love the fact that each has it's own theme.  That is the beauty of making your own!  You can find literally thousands of examples if you conduct an online image search - very inspiring!



I found this wonderful A to Z list of the Victorian meanings of flowers online. Perhaps, now, you can make your beloved, a tussie mussie?  

So, without further adieu,

~ "The Language of Flowers:"~




APPLE BLOSSOM - Preference, Better Things to Come, Good Fortune
ARBUTUS - Thee Only Do I Love
ARUM - Ardor
ASPARAGUS FERN - Fascination
ASPHODEL - My Regrets Follow You to the Grave
ASTER - Symbol of Love, Daintiness, Talisman of Love
ASTER (CHINA) - Fidelity, Variety, I Will Think of Thee
AZALEA - Take Care, Temperance, Fragile, Passion, Chinese Symbols of Womanhood



BABY'S BREATH - Innocence, Pure of Heart
BACHELOR BUTTON - Single blessedness, Celibacy
BALM - Sympathy
BALSAM - Ardent Love
BEGONIA - Beware, A Fanciful Nature
BELLS OF IRELAND - Good luck
BIRD OF PARADISE - Often given today from a woman to man as a symbol of faithfulness
BITTERSWEET - Truth
BLACK BRYONT/LADY'S SEAL - Be My Support
BLUEBELL/BELL FLOWER - Humility, Constancy, Gratitude
BROOM - Humility, Neatness
BUCK BEAN - Calm repose
BUTTERCUP - Childishness, Riches



CACTUS - Endurance, My Heart Burns with Love
CALYCANTHUS/CAROLINA ALLSPICE/SWEET SHRUB - Benevolence
CALLA LILY - Magnificent Beauty
CAMELLIA - Admiration, Perfection, Good Luck Gift for a Man, Gratitude
CAMELLIA (PINK) - Longing
CAMELLIA (RED) - You're a flame in my heart
CAMELLIA (WHITE) - Adoration, Perfection, Loveliness
CANDYTUFT - Indifference
CANTERBURY BELLS/BELL FLOWER - Gratitude
CARDINAL FLOWER/SCARLET LOBELIA - Distinction
CARNATION (GENERAL) - Fascination, Devoted Love
CARNATION (PINK) - I'll never forget you, Women's Love
CARNATION (RED) - My heart aches for you, Admiration
CARNATION (DEEP RED) - Alas! for my poor heart
CARNATION (PURPLE) - Capriciousness
CARNATION (SOLID COLOR) - Yes
CARNATION (STRIPED) - No, Refusal, Sorry I can't be with you, Wish I could be with you
CARNATION (WHITE) - Sweet & Lovely, Innocence, Pure Love, Woman's Good Luck Gift
CARNATION (YELLOW) - Disapointment, Rejection
CATCHFLY (RED) - Youthful Love, I Fall Victim
CATTAIL - Peace, Prosperity
CATTLEYA - Mature charms
CEDAR - I live but for thee, Think of Me
CELANDINE/PILEWORT/FIGWORT - Future Joy
CHAMOMILE/GOLDEN MARGUERITE/ANTHEMIS - Energy in Action
CHERRY BLOSSOM (SINGLE) - Education
CHICKWEED - I Cling to Thee
CHICORY - Frugality
CHRISTMAS ROSE/HELLEBORUS - Relieve My Anxiety
CHRYSANTHEMUM (GENERAL) - Abundance & Wealth,
Cheerfulness, You're a wonderful friend
CHRYSANTHEMUM (RED) - Love
CHRYSANTHEMUM (WHITE) - Truth
CHRYSANTHEMUM (YELLOW) - Slighted Love
CINQUEFOIL - Beloved Child
CLEMATIS - Artifice (ingenuity)
CLOVER (FOUR-LEAF) - Be Mine
CLOVER (WHITE) - Think of Me
CLOVER (RED) - Industry
COLCHICUM (MEADOW SAFFRON) - My Best Days Fled
COLUMBINE (PURPLE) - Resolved to Win
COLUMBINE (RED) - Anxious
COMPASS FLOWER - Faith
CONVOLVUS MINOR/BINDWEED - Uncertainty
CORCHORUS - Impatience of Happiness
COREOPSIOS - Always Cheerful
CORNFLOWER - Delicacy, refinement,
CORONILLA/CROWN VETCH - Success to You
COWSLIP - Rusticity, Winning Grace, Healing, Youth, Pensiveness
COXCOMB - Foppery, Unfading Love
CROCUS - Cheerfulness, Abuse not, Gladness
CROWN IMPERIAL/FRITILLARIA - Majesty
CYCLAMEN - Resignation and Good-Bye



DAFFODIL - Regard, Unrequited Love, Sunshine, Respect, The sun shines when I'm with you
DAFFODIL (YELLOW ) - Chivalry
DAHLIA - Dignity and Elegance, Forever Thine
DAISY - Innocence, Loyal Love, I'll Never tell, Purity, Beauty
DAISY OX-EYE - Patience
DAISY (RED) - Beauty Unknown to Possessor
DANDELION - Faithfulness, Happiness, Love's oracle
DAPHANE CNEORUM/ROSE DAPHANE - I Desire to Please
DAPHANE ODORA/WINTER DAPHANE - I Would Not Have You Otherwise
DRACAENA/DRAGON'S BLOOD/DRAGON LILY - Inner Power
DEAD LEAVES - Sadness
DELPHINIUM - Big-Hearted, Fun
DILL - Lust
DIOSMA - Your Simple Elegance Charms Me
DOG ROSE - Pleasure and Pain
DOGWOOD (FLOWERING) - Am I Indifferent to You?
DRAGON ROOT/GREEN DRAGON (Arum draconium) - Ardor



EDELWEISS/ALPINE CUDWEED - Daring, Courage, Noble Purity
EGLANTINE/SWEET-BRIAR/ROSA EGLANTARIA - Poetry, I Wound to Heal
ELDER FLOWER - Zeal
ENDINE - Frugality
EPIGAEA, REPENS/MAYFLOWER/TRAILING ARBUTUS - Budding
EUPATORIUM/HARDY AGERATUM - Delay
EREMURUS - Endurance
EUPHORBIA - Persistence
EVERLASTING - Never Ceasing Memory



FERN - Magic, Fascination, Confidence, Shelter
FERN (MAIDENHAIR) - Secret bond of love, Discretion
FERN (ROYAL) - Reverie
FILBERT - Reconciliation
FIR - Time
FLAX - Domestic Symbol
FLORA'S BELL - Without Pretension
FLOWERING REED - Confide in Heaven
FORGET ME NOT - True Love, Memories
FORSYTHIA - Anticipation
FOXGLOVE/FAIRY THIMBLES/DEAD MEN'S BELLS - Stateliness, Youth
FOXTAIL GRASS - Sporting
FRAXINELLA/CULTIVATED DITTANY/GAS PLANT - Fire
FREESIA - Innocence, Trust
FUCHSIA (SCARLET) - Confiding Love, Taste
FURZE - Love for All Occasions



GARDENIA - You're lovely, Secret love, Purity, Refinement
GARLIC - Courage, Strength, Get well, Ward Off Evil & Illness
GENETIAN (FRINGED) - Intrinsic Worth, I Look to Heaven, Autumn
GENTIAN (CLOSED) - Sweet Be Thy Dreams
GERANIUM - True Friend, Stupidity, Folly
GERANIUM (APPLE) - Present Preference
GERANIUM (IVY) - Your Hand for Next Dance
GERANIUM (LEMON) - Unexpected Meeting
GERANIUM (NUTMEG) - I Expect a Meeting
GERANIUM (OAK-LEAVED) - True Friendship, Lady, Deign to Smile
GERANIUM (PENCILED) - Ingenuity
GERANIUM (ROSE) - Preference
GERANIUM (SCARLET) - Consolation, Melancholy
GERANIUM (SILVER-LEAF) - Recall
GERBERA - Innocence
GLADIOLI - Generosity, I'm sincere, Flower of the gladiators
GLOBE AMARANTH - Unfading Love
GLOXINIA - Love at first sight
GINGER - Strength
GOLDEN-ROD - Be cautious, Encouragement
GOOSEBERRY - Anticipation
GOOSEFOOT - Goodness
GORSE - Endearing Affection
GRASS - Submission
GRASS/CITRONELLA/CAMEL GRASS/LEMON GRASS/GINGER
GRASS - Homosexual Love
GUELDER ROSE/SNOWBALL - Winter



HAREBELL/CAMPANULA - Humility, Grief
HEART'S EASR/PURPLE/JOHNNY JUMP UP - You Occupy My Thoughts
HEPATICA (Anemone nobilis) - Confidence
HEATHER (LAVENDER) - Admiration, Solitude
HEATHER (WHITE) - Protection, Wishes will come true
HELIOTROPE - Devotion
HENBANE - For Males to Attract Love from Females
HIBISCUS - Consumed by Love, Delicate Beauty
HOLLY - Defense, Domestic Happiness, Am I forgotten
HOLLYHOCK - Fruitfulness
HOLLYHOCK (WHITE) - Female Ambition
HONESTY/LUNARIA/DOLLAR PLANT/MONEY PLANT - Sincerity
HONEYFLOWER - Sweet, Secret love, Generous Affection, Sweetness of Disposition
HONEYSUCKLE - The Bond of Love
HONEYSUCKLE (CORAL) - I Love You
HOUSTONIA/BLUET/QUAKER LADIES - Content
HOYA/WAX PLANT - Sculpture
HUCKLEBERRY - Faith, Simple Pleasures
HYACINTH (GENERAL) - Games & Sports, Rashness, Flower dedicated to Apollo
HYACINTH (BLUE) - Consistency
HYACINTH (PURPLE) - Sorry, Please forgive me, Sorrow
HYACINTH (RED OR PINK) - Playful Joy
HYACINTH (WHITE) - Unobtrusive Loveliness, I'll pray for you
HYACINTH (YELLOW) - Jealousy
HYDRANGEA - Thank you for understanding, frigidity, heartlessness

IPOMACA - I Attach Myself to You
INDIAN CRESS/NASTURTIUM - Resignation
IRIS - Faith, Wisdom, Promise in Love, Hope, Wisdom & Valor
IRIS (YELLOW) - Passion
IRIS (GERMAN) - Flame
IVY - Wedded Love, Fidelity, Friendship, Affection
IVY (SPRIG OF WHITE TENDRILS)- Anxious to please, Affection

JAPONICA - Sincerity, Symbol of Love
JASMINE (INDIAN) - Attachment
JASMINE (SPANISH) - Sensuality
JASMINE (YELLOW) - Modesty, Grace, Elegance
JASMINE (WHITE) - Amiability
JERUSALEM OAK - Your Love is Reciprocated
JONQUIL - Love Me, Affection Returned, Desire, Sympathy



KENNEDIA - Intellectual Beauty



LADY'S SLIPPER - Win me, Capricious Beauty
LANTANA - Rigor
LARKSPUR - Levity, An Open Heart, Lightness
LAURISTINUS - Cheerful in Adversity
LAVENDER - Love, Devotion,
LEMON BLOSSOM - Fidelity in Love; I Promise to be True
LILAC (GENERAL) - Beauty, Pride
LILAC (PURPLE) - First emotions of love
LILAC (WHITE) - Youthful Innocence
LILY (GENERAL) - Majesty & Honor, Purity of Heart
LILY (ORANGE) - Hatred, Dislike
LILY (WHITE) - Virginity, Purity, Majesty, It's Heavenly to be with You, Youth
LILY (YELLOW) - I'm Walking On Air, False, Gay, Gratitude
LILY (CALLA) - Beauty
LILY (DAY) - Coquetry, Chinese Emblem For Mother
LILY (EUCHARIS) - Maiden Charms
LILY (TIGER) - Wealth, Pride, Prosperity
LILY OF THE VALLEY - Sweetness, Tears Of The Virgin Mary, Happiness, Humility
LIVERWORT - Confidence
LOVE IN A MIST - You Puzzle Me
LOVE-LIES-BLEEDING/AMARANTHUS - Hopeless, Not Heartless, Desertion
LOTUS - Estranged love, Forgetful of the Past
LUCERNE - Life
LUNGWORT - Thou Art My Life
LUPINE - Imagination
LYCHNIS/CAMPION/MALTESE CROSS - Religious Enthusiasm



MAGNOLIA - Nobility, Perseverance, Nobility
MAGNOLIA (CHINESE) - Love of Nature
MALLOW - Delicate Beauty, Sweetness
MARIGOLD (COMMON) - Pretty Love, Sacred,Affection, Caress, Sorrow
MARJORAM - Joy, Happiness
MARVEL OF PERU/FOUR O' CLOCK - Timidity
MEADOW SAFFRON - My Best Days Are Gone
MIGNONETTE - Your qualities Surpass your Charms, Health
MEZEREON - Desire to Please
MILK VETCH - Your presence softens my pain
MIMOSA - Secret Love
MINT - Virtue
MISTLETOE - Kiss me, Affection, Difficulties, Sacred plant of India,
MONKSHOOD - Beware, Danger is near
MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED - Simplicity
MORNING GLORY - Affection
MOSS - Maternal Love, Charity
MOTHERWORT - Secret Love
MOONWORT/HONESTY - Forgetfulness
MUGWORT/WORMWOOD - Tranquility, Happiness
MULLEIN - Good Nature
MYRTLE - Love, Joy, Hebrew Emblem of marriage
MYRTLE (WAX) - Discipline, Instruction



NARCISSUS - Formality, Stay As Sweet As You Are
NASTURTIUM - Conquest, Victory In Battle
NUTS - Stupidity

OAK LEAVES - Bravery
OLEANDER - Caution
OLIVE BRANCH - Peace
ORANGE BLOSSOM - Innocence, Eternal Love, Marriage, Fruitfulness
ORANGE, MOCK - Deceit
ORCHID - Love, Beauty, Refinement, Chinese Symbol for Many Children, Thoughtfulness
ORCHID (CATTLEYA) - Mature Charm



PALM LEAVES - Victory & Success
PANSY - Merriment, Thoughts (You Occupy My Thoughts)
PARSLEY - Useful Knowledge
PASSION FLOWER - Faith, Religious Fervor
PASQUE FLOWER - Unpretentious, You Have No Claims
PEAR - Affection
PEACH BLOSSOM - I am your Captive
PEONY - Shame, Happy Marriage, Compassion, Bashfulness
PEPPERMINT - Cordiality
PERIWINKLE/VINCA/MYRTLE - Early Recollections, Pleasures of Memories, Sweet Memories
PETUNIA - Your Presence Soothes Me
PHEASANT'S EYE/ADONIS - Sorrowful Memories
PHLOX - Our souls are united, Unanimity
PIMPERNEL/POOR MAN'S WEATHER GLASS - Change
PINE - Hope, Pity
PINK- Pure Affection
PINK (MOUNTAIN) - You Are Aspiring
POPPY (GENERAL) - Eternal Sleep, Oblivion, Imagination
POPPY (RED) - Pleasure
POPPY (WHITE) - Consolation
POPPY (YELLOW ) - Wealth, Success
POMEGRANATE FLOWER - Elegance
PRIDE OF CHINA - Dissension
PRIMROSE - I Can't Live Without You, Woman
PRIMROSE (EVENING) - Inconstancy
PRIMROSE (RED) - Unpatronized Merit
PRINCE'S FEATHER - Unfading Love
PUSSY WILLOW - Motherhood



QUAKING GRASS - Agitation



RAGGED-ROBIN - Wit
RANUNCULUS - I am Dazzled by your Charms
REEDS - Music
RHUBARB - Advice
RHODODENDRON - Danger, Beware, I am Dangerous
ROSE (BRIDAL) - Happiness
ROSE (BURGANDY) - Unconscious Beauty
ROSE (CHRISTMAS)- Relieve my anxiety
ROSE (CORAL) - Desire
ROSE (DAMASK) - Freshness, Persian Ambassador of Love
ROSE (DARK CRIMSON) - Mourning
ROSE (DOG) - Pleasure & Pain
ROSE (GREEN) - I am from Mars
ROSE (HIBISCUS) - Delicate, Beauty
ROSE (LEAF) - You may Hope
ROSE (LAVENDER) - Enchantment
ROSE (ORANGE) - Fascination
ROSE (PINK) - Perfect Happiness, Secret Love, Grace & Sweetness, Indecision
ROSE (DARK PINK) - Thankfulness
ROSE (PALE PINK) - Grace, Joy
ROSE (PEACH) - Immortality, Modesty
ROSE (RED) - Love, I love you, Respect, Beauty
ROSE (DEEP RED) - Bashful, Shame
ROSE (TEA) - I'll Remember - Always
ROSE (THORNLESS) - Love at first sight, Early Attachment
ROSE (WHITE) - Innocence, Purity, Humility, I am Worthy of You, Secrecy, Silence
ROSE (WHITE & RED TOGETHER) - Unity, Flower Emblem of England
ROSE (WHITE-DRIED) - Death is Preferable to Loss of Virtue
ROSE (YELLOW) - Joy, Jealousy, Friendship (one yellow rose with 11 red ones means love & passion)
ROSEBUD - Beauty & Youth, A Heart Innocent of Love
ROSEBUD (RED) - Pure & Lovely
ROSEBUD (WHITE) - Girlhood, Heart Ignorant of Love
ROSEBUD (MOSS) - Confessions of Love
ROSES (Bouquet of full bloom) - Gratitude
ROSES (Single full bloom) - I truly love you, Simplicity.
ROSES (GARLAND or CROWN OF) - Beware of Virtue, Reward of Merit, Symbol of Superior Merit
ROSE (MUSK CLUSTER) - Charming
ROSE-OF-SHARON - Consumed by Love
ROSEMARY - Remembrance
RUSH/HORSE-TAIL - Docility



SAGE - Wisdom, Great Respect, Speedwell Female Fidelity
SATIN-FLOWER - Sincerity
SENSITIVE PLANT - Timidity
SHAMROCK - Lightheartedness
SLOE - Difficulty, AusteritySMILAX - Loveliness
SNAPDRAGON - Gracious Lady, Strength
SNOWBALL - Thoughts of Heaven
SNOWDROP - Hope, Consolation
SPEARMINT - Warm Sentiment
SPIDER FLOWER - Elope with me
SOLIDAGO - Success
STAR OF BETHLEHEM - Atonement, Reconciliation
STARWORT - Welcome to a Stranger
STEPHANOTIS - Marital Happiness, Desire to Travel
STOCK- Bonds of Affection, Promptness, You'll Always Be Beautiful to Me
STONECROP - Tranquility
STRAW FLOWER - Agreement
STRAW (BROKEN) - Broken agreement
SYTINGIA/MOCK ORANGE/LILAC - Memory
SUNFLOWER (TALL) - False riches, Pride
SUNFLOWER ( DWARF) - Adoration
SWEETPEA - Good-by, Departure, Blissful Pleasure, Thank You for a Lovely Time
SWEET-SULTAN - Felicity, Happiness
SWEET-WILLIAM - Grant me one smile, Gallantry



TEASEL (Dipscaus) - Misanthropy
THORNAPPLE - I dreamed of thee
THRIFT (ARMERIA) - Sympathy
TRAVELER'S JOY - Rest, Safety
TRUMPET FLOWER/ANGEL'S TRUMPET/DATURA - Separation
TULIP (GENERAL) - Perfect Lover, Fame, Flower Emblem of Holland
TULIP (RED) -Believe me, Declaration of Love
TULIP (VARIEGATED) - Beautiful eyes
TULIP (YELLOW) - There's Sunshine In Your Smile
TURNIP - Charity

(No results under the letter "U")



VALERIAN - Accommodating Disposition
VENUS FLYTRAP - Caught at Last
VENUS' LOOKING GLASS - Flattery
VERBENA - Pray for me, Sensibility
VERONICA SPEEDWELL - Fidelity
VERVAIN - Enchantment
VINE - Intoxicating
VIOLET - Modesty, Virtue, Affection
VIOLET (BLUE) - Watchfulness, Faithfulness, Love
VIOLET (WHITE) - Let's Take A Chance On Happiness
VIRGIN'S BOWER/CLEMATIS - Filial Love (Filial: referring to a son or daughter)
VISCARIA - Will You Dance With Me?



WALL FLOWER/GILLY FLOWER - Faithful in Adversity, Fidelity, Lasting Beauty
WINDFLOWER - Sincerity, Symbol of Love
WINTERGREENS - Harmony
WISTERIA - Welcome
WITCH HAZEL - A spell
WOLFBANE/ACONITE/TURK'S CAP/FRIAR'S CAP/BEAR'S FOOT - Misanthropy, Chivalry, Knight
WOODBINE - Fraternal Love
WORMWOOD/ARTEMISIA - Absence, Do not be discouraged



YARROW - Cure for heartache



ZEPHYR FLOWER- Sincerity, Symbol of Love
ZINNIA (MAGENTA) - Lasting Affection
ZINNIA (MIXED) - Thinking (or in memory) of an Absent Friend
ZINNIA (SCARLET) - Constancy
ZINNIA (WHITE) - Goodness
ZINNIA (YELLOW) - Daily Remembrance



Source:  http://www.victorianbazaar.com/meanings.html
Quick resource can be found:  http://thelanguageofflowers.com